Monday, May 18, 2020

Is Hamlet s Madness Genuine Or Feigned - 1671 Words

Jordan Avery Mrs. Joyner Honors English IV 17 December 2015 Is Hamlet’s Madness Genuine or Feigned? One of the most controversially discussed themes in William Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, is the theme of Hamlet’s madness. Shakespeare left it up to the audience to decide whether he was truly crazy or not. Although, there are many deliberate acts of fabricated insanity repeated throughout the play. Hamlet’s life events such as the death of his father, loving someone he cannot have, and not mention the marriage of his mother to his uncle, was enough to make someone go off of the deep end. However, Hamlet even admits that he was going to â€Å"feign madness† in order to avenge his father’s death in a less apparent manner. The death of King Hamlet singlehandedly was the reason behind Hamlet’s acts of antic disposition. After Hamlet’s father died, he came back in what seemed to be an apparition. In Act I, scene V, the ghost speaks to Hamlet and claims to be his father’s spirit. In this conversation, he was asked to avenge the death of his father by killing King Claudius, which would be King Hamlet’s brother. Prince Hamlet’s worst fears about his uncle have now been confirmed and he is ready to begin the process of a hasty revenge. He promises to keep his word of obeying what the ghost asked of him by saying, â€Å"†¦meet it is I set it down that one may smile, and smile, and be a villain. At least I’m sure it may be so in Denmark. So, uncle, there you are. Now to my word†Show MoreRelatedThe Madness Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare1047 Words   |  5 PagesTate McWhorter Period: 3 The Madness in Hamlet In William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, madness is a condition which is difficult to identify whether it is genuine or fraudulent. After the encounter with the ghost of Hamlet Sr. and Hamlet, Hamlet decides to put on an antic disposition. But thereafter he decides this, Hamlet s actions embody someone that is truly mad. This is how Shakespeare makes it difficult to determine if Hamlet is truly mad. Although through his feigned actions and the reactions fromRead MoreIs Hamlet Really Insane?1404 Words   |  6 PagesIV January 1st, 2015. Was Hamlet Really Insane? William Shakespeare, a renowned poet and playwright, wrote the play Hamlet at the turn of the 16th century– which has become known and enjoyed around nearly the entire world. Ever since it was written more than four centuries ago, there has been a decently large amount of debate between Shakespearean scholars, casual readers, literary critics, and sometimes even psychologists and psychoanalysts about whether or not Hamlet ever truly went insane atRead MoreInsanity In Hamlet Essay1038 Words   |  5 PagesShakespeare’s tragedy, Hamlet, the protagonist, Prince Hamlet, is an inconsolable young man who struggles with the death of his father, King Hamlet. Hamlet is confronted by the ghost of his father in the first act and discovers the truth of his father’s death. The Prince is horrified at the disclosure that his Uncle, King Claudius has murdered his father. He also finds himself outraged by his mother’s hasty remarriage; however, the Ghost forbids him to cause her any harm. Hamlet promises to avenge hisRead MoreHamlet s Madness And Insanity1481 Words   |  6 PagesMuch has been has been discussed of Hamlet’s madness and insanity. There have been endless arguments of whether his madness is feigned or unfeigned. Although, minimal arguments have been made about Hamlet’s pessimism. Hamlet is one of Shakespeare s most pessimistic plays, and as such it delivers the message that in a fallen world, reality often fails to match the ideal. The human experiences held up for pessimistic contemplation in Hamlet includes death, grief, loneliness, insanity, loss of meaningRead More To Be or Not to Be - Hamlets Answer Essay1367 Words   |  6 PagesTo Be or Not to Be - Hamlets Answer As Hamlet approaches a waiting Ophelia, he begins one of the most famous soliloquies in all of literature with the immortal line: To be or not to be?that is the question (III. i. 64). Yet this obvious reference to suicide only scratches the surface of the heart-rendering conflict felt by the young Dane. Hamlets impetuous desire to take his own life is only an impassioned reaction to the heavy burden of revenge that his fathers murder has placed uponRead More Comparison of Oedipus and Hamlet Essay1322 Words   |  6 PagesComparison of Oedipus and Hamlet Compare and contrast Oedipus and Hamlet. Is Oedipus more a man of action? Or is he more a man driven by whim and sudden, rash decisions? Which character is more selfless? Does Hamlet show any signs of selfish motives in his actions or inactions? Which protagonist seems more learned? wiser? more religious? more loving? more incestuous? Which seems to be a better murder investigator? Does Oedipus have any of Claudius motives when he kills the king, Laius? ThenRead MoreShakespeares Presentation of Ophelia Essay1786 Words   |  8 Pagesinstructions. Notably, Ophelia not only appears to have little understanding of Hamlets madness, but no curiosity into its cause. Like Gertrude, Ophelia has no soliloquy in which she can confide her true thoughts and feelings, which is a pity as it detracts from her character as a whole. Shakespeare achieves this deliberately of course; however, it raises the question as to why Hamlet should have been attracted to her, if indeed he ever was. Although there is no textualRead MoreComparing Hamlet And Oedipus Rex1868 Words   |  8 PagesMarcos Martinez John Q. Davis English 103 Date†¦.. Hamlet Oedipus Rex In Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, there is a seemingly close common relationship shown between the two plays regarding mainly the community and era in which they took place in. As well as different scenes throughout both stories which show very similar ideas from the writers such as, murder being the common theme in both plays. One example comes from the story, Oedipus the King, and it is that there is a direct

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Topic Of Sexuality - 1144 Words

Introduce the topic of sexuality (para)- Horrocks (1997) points out in his book that sexuality encircles multiple aspects of human existence. Sexuality is then, not a uniform or simple phenomenon and is influenced by the interaction of psychological, biological, social, cultural factors and many more. Horrocks (1997), suggests that to try and understand or explain a definitive conclusion about sexuality seems impossible as sexuality has different meanings to so many groups of people. Introduce the perspectives being used in essay (para)- There are a wide variety of models and perspectives relating to sexuality. Many perspectives on sexuality use biology and physiology as the basis, which are then often perceived as being factual. Two†¦show more content†¦However this can commonly lead to confusion and lack of understanding of the terms. Diamond (2002), states that, â€Å"It can be said that one is a sex and one does gender; that sex typically, but not always, represents what is between one’s legs, whereas gender represents what is between one’s ears.†p.232. The term ‘sex’ refers to the biological makeup of that person. ‘Sex role’ or ‘sex typical’ behaviour is then, usually the acting out of a person’s biological predisposition. Whereas the term gender is society’s common perception of how females or males are expected to behave or act and how they should be treated. King (2009), points out that the nature of sexuality is dependent on how its accepted biological basis is interpreted at a particular time by a particular society. Recognition of a clear distinction between the two words is useful and valuable for the psychological understanding of identity, particularly with relation to intersexuality and transsexuality (Diamond, 2002). Describe and explain what gender roles, identity and orientation are: Roles: Gagnon and Simon (2011) assert that,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Overuse of Technology in Our Daily Life Essay

†¢ An Introduction Would that be possible to stay away from our technology’s devices for just a day? The answer for this question will bring a lot of negative answers, and of course if we ask this question in a survey, â€Å"NO† will be the winner of this survey. Talking about the use of technology reminded me one of the sources from my annotated bibliography by Amy Petersen, who is the Theatre and Media Arts Department Chair and Associate Professor in the College of Fine Arts and Communications at Brigham Young University. In her article which she wrote about the overuse of tech in our daily life and its affects, she said â€Å"If you would have told me a few years ago that I would feel completely lost without a cell phone, I never would have†¦show more content†¦The reason why I want to get the attentions of teachers and parents is because they can play a very good rule in changing minds of our new generation about the use of technology and its side effects. Even though my res earch will manually focus on the negative side of the technology, but my impaling propose will be to show the negative effect of technology to my intended audience so they can distinguish the good and the bad use of technology in their lives. The reason why I choice to write about this research question rather than writing about my others two research question is because technology’s violence and technology’s effects on our societies are becoming a widely controversial issue. Taking a part in this controversial issue and uncovering the effect of technology on our lives will be interesting. Furthermore, by researching my research question and making annotated bibliography I personal learned a lot. Continuing with more research to make my proposal and my research paper will be another good addition to my knowledge. On the other hand, as I mentioned that technology has several effects on our societies and of course on our new generation, this will be also a very interesting and useful information for my audience. †¢ Review of sources For supporting my thesis for my research paper, I stream a lot of collages and universities websites, and read bench of articles about the changes in our societies which are caused by technology. As it appeared inShow MoreRelatedThe Double Edged Sword We Call Technology1098 Words   |  5 Pages The Double Edged Sword We Call Technology In the recent years, modern technology has heavily impacted nearly every aspect of human life. The things we experience, how we communicate, our values, how we develop from a child, technology impacts us in such a way that we don’t even realize it. As technology advances us into a more futuristic world, it is declining us a society as well, hence the term â€Å"double edged sword†. From the beginning of humankind, technology has been developing faster and fasterRead MoreThe Impact Of Technology On Children s Developing Minds942 Words   |  4 PagesThere are lots of studies in the impact of technology on children’s developing minds. Studies found that diagnoses of ADHD, autism, coordination disorder, developmental delays, unintelligible speech, learning difficulties, sensory processing disorder, anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders are associated with technology overuse, and are increasing at an alarming rate (Rowen). Technology is causing a harmful effect o n some children these days and it could potentially be harming them in the longRead MoreThe Effects Of Excessive Time With Technology1474 Words   |  6 PagesNot that missing a whale surface isn’t bad enough, however, spending too much time with technology and media causes more loss than we know. Overuse of technology and media socially isolates our generation, destroys their social skills, and allows them to be prone to health issues. Obsessive use of technology socially isolates us and destroys our social skills. The first effect of excessive time with technology and media is social isolation. As published in the New York Times article â€Å"Antisocial Networking†Read MoreThe Impact of Technology on Our Lives1544 Words   |  6 PagesAlthough many will use modern technology for many of its achievements and advancements, what many dont realize is that it has affected and continues to affect society in a negative way. Today more people are working longer hours and utilizing more technology in their everyday life. As a result of these longer hours and increased use of technology, more energy is being consumed which negatively impacts the environment. Much of the technology is created to make daily task more efficient. The internetRead MoreEye and Spine Health Essay1157 Words   |  5 Pagesabout their back and eye health. Technology has also infiltrated itself into classrooms, which is a large risk because many students do not consider their back and eye health. Eye health is usually not taken into account, but it should also be a very large factor in how much time we spend in front of technology. The health of the eyes and back are a large part of living comfortably. Now that new technologies are readily available to the public, the well-being of our eyes and backs are at jeopardyRead MoreWe Must End Our Addiction Social Networking1013 Words   |  5 PagesHEADER Title: We must end our addiction to social networking. General purpose: To persuade Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that actions need to be taken to stop the addiction to social networking. Thesis Statement: Being too addicted to social networking can cause some serious problems, so it is necessary to stop it. Main Points: â…  .Addiction to social networking has caused serious problems. A. Addiction to social networking leadsRead MoreThe Harmful Effects Of Overusing Technology1546 Words   |  7 PagesThe Harmful Effects of Overusing Technology The discovery of technology has had plenty of so called positive effects on us Americans. Due to new technology based inventions, coming out every other day. We Americans are able to get places every day without much physical movement. We talk to each other without getting out of a chair or picking up a pencil, do our jobs quicker; easer; or with less people to deal with, create ways to carry our money and personal information without dealing with paperRead MoreTechnology : This Is A Horrible Title Essay1545 Words   |  7 PagesTechnology: This is a horrible title. When someone mentions technology, we think of smartphones, laptops, and various other popular machines that we use in our everyday life. Technology is often ridiculed because of such machinery. When you consider why technology is under such ridicule, you will find that general reasoning is that the constant use of smartphones and the internet addictions brought upon by the perpetual cycle of these products’ usage. Recently, the United States has seen an outrageRead MoreHas Technology Made Americans Lazy?925 Words   |  4 PagesTechnology has become a significant attachment in our lives. According to an article titled â€Å"U.S. Smartphone Use in 2015† by Aaron Smith, he states â€Å"nearly two-thirds of Americans own a smartphone, and 19% of Americans relied to some degree on a smartphone for accessing online services and information and for staying connected to the world around them.† Even with all of the wonderful advancements in technology, one question that seems to arise is: has technology made Americans lazy? One of the purposesRead MoreThe Impact Of Internet On The Internet1418 Words   |  6 Pagesbusinesses, etc. Matt Richtel, New York Times journalist, points out the negatives and positives of what overuse of technology does to an individual. I agree with Richtel’s points because technology has taken over some people’s lives. Throughout his article, Digital Overload: Your Brain on Gadgets, he sends a message across by stating how much of the internet has an effect on an individual’s everyday life. Richtel acquired a bachelor degree in 1989 at the University of California at Berkeley. Soon after

Maximizing Profits in Market Structures Essays - 1238 Words

Maximizing Profits in Market Structures Maximizing Profits in Market Structures Competitive Markets The basic characteristics of a competitive market are one of many suppliers provides basically the same goods or services. There are so many suppliers and so many consumers that one supplier alone cannot influence the market prices. Each supplier, or price taker, is at the mercy of the current market conditions at any given time. (N. Gregory Mankiw, 2010, p.290).This market structure makes it necessary for suppliers in a competitive market to somehow make the goods or services more desirable to consumers than its nearest competitor. One way of achieving this goal is to competitively price goods and services†¦show more content†¦At any given time, the barriers of entry most likely are not going to affect a competitive market. Because the basic structure of a competitive market is based on many suppliers and many consumers buying and selling a similar good or service, no one supplier or consumer entering or exiting the market will disrupt the competitive market. Since no on e buyer or seller greatly affects the market, it can be said that a competitive market is a series of checks and balances for the economy. In a free market economy there are checks and balances in supply and demand. Competition affords buyers the prospect of receiving the best value for their money. Thus the competitive market is born. Monopolies The most prominent characteristics of a monopoly’s market structure are that a monopoly is the sole provider of a good or service and does not have any close competitors in the current market. This allows the company to set a price for the good or service that is not based on the market conditions. Since the price of a good or service supplied by a monopoly is often based on the company’s own resources, the price is often set without consideration of marginal costs or marginal revenues. This by no means a company enjoying a monopoly can run away with the price. The good or service must be fairly priced to encourage sales. If a monopolyShow MoreRelatedMaximizing Profits in Market Structures1287 Words   |  6 PagesAssignment: Maximizing Profits in Market Structures 1 What are the characteristics of each market structure? A competitive market is many sellers that sell similar products with very little control over the market selling price. An example of competitive market structure is a gasoline station. There can be many gasoline stations in a certain mile radius, the more gasoline stations there are in a small area the higher the competitive the market. Monopolies: Monopolies are a groupRead MoreMaximizing Profits in Market Structures Paper1129 Words   |  5 PagesMaximizing Profits 1 MAXIMIZING PROFITS IN MARKET STRUCTURES PAPER Maximizing Profits in Market Structures Paper Sharon Ballard XECO/212 Michelle Council November 7, 2010 Maximizing Profits 2 Maximizing Profits in Market Structures Paper The structure of a market is defined by the number of firms that are competing in that market, along with factors such as: the ways in which these firms are alike or different, andRead MoreMarket Structure and Analysis 996 Words   |  4 PagesThere are a few different market structures, competitive market, monopolies, and oligopolies. According to Mankiw (2007) competitive market, also known as monopolistic competition or â€Å"perfectly competitive market† is defined as â€Å"a market with many buyers and sellers trading identical products so that each buyer and seller is a price taker† (Pg. 290). In this market structure there are two characteristics: there are many buyers and many sellers in the market and the goods offered by the various sellersRead MoreMain Factors of Product Pricing in the Uk1416 Words   |  6 Pagescharge a profit-maximizing price where price is determined when marginal cost equals marginal revenue. They operate to seek a maximum return on the investment and costs they have input. The diagram below shows how firms produce at the profit maximisation point (MC=MR) and what costs they incur (point C). It also shows that most firms that follow a profit maximizing strategy incur a profit (price is greater than cost) . Figure 1 From Figure 1 From Although profit maximizationRead MoreTopic: Profit Maximization of a Firm.1326 Words   |  6 PagesProject Topic: Profit Maximization of a firm. Profit maximization has always been considered the primary goal of firms.The firms owner is the manager of the firm, and thus, the firms owner-manager is assumed to maximize the firms short-term profits (current profits and profits in the near future).Today, even when the profit maximizing assumption is maintained, the notion of profits has been broadened to take into account uncertainty faced by the firm (in realizing profits) and the time valueRead MoreStrategy Simulation Game: Economics for Managerial Decision Making1243 Words   |  5 Pagesa firm must make in order to achieve maximal profit and how the approach changes based on the four general classification of industries (Stegmann, 2009) and the decision that I made using the information from AMBA670 and previous course. Decision making processes of management is described in different market structures. Just as it pertains to any for-profit business organization, the goal is to cut and maximize profits in each type of marke t structure. Based on the information provided, QuasarRead MoreStudent1589 Words   |  7 PagesDermaPlusTM are hospitals and pharmacies. The topical cream category is extremely competitive and has led to BioMed’s market share to be small. Due to the size of BioMed’s market share they are unable to influence the market price. We also must assume that the market of BioMed can be modeled as being perfectly competitive in equilibrium, allowing the use of the model’s profit maximizing criteria. The plant producing DermaPlusTM has been in operation for three years with no change in manufacturingRead MoreAssignment 3.1 Techinal Questions Essay815 Words   |  4 Pagesthe firm’s profit-maximizing (or loss minimizing) output. Is each firm making a profit? If not, should the firm continue to produce in the short run? In the first graph, the firm is losing money, but it should not shut down because P gt; AVC. So the loss minimizing choice is to stay in business in the short run. To shut down would lead to higher losses equal to fixed costs and these losses would be more than the current losses. In the second graph, the firm is realizing a profit because P gt;Read MoreEvaluation of Baumols Model1733 Words   |  7 Pagesunits at a high price. There are different managerial models in a firm embodying different assumptions like the Profit Maximization Model which is a traditional model, the Marris Model, the Williamson Model and the Baumol Model. This write-up will focus on understanding management preferences in terms of price, revenue and profit maximization, critically evaluate the management model of Baumol and review the extent to which the Baumol modelRead MoreDifferentiating Between Market Structures Essay1077 Words   |  5 PagesDifferentiating between Market Structures The structure of a market is defined by the number of firms in the market, the existence or otherwise of barriers to entry of new firms, and the interdependence among firms in determining pricing and output to maximize profits. The author of this paper will cover: the advantages and limitation of supply and demand identified in the simulation, the effectiveness of the organization in which the author knows, and how the organizations in each market structure maximizes

How does Shakespear represent the Character Shylock in the Merchant of Venice Essay Example For Students

How does Shakespear represent the Character Shylock in the Merchant of Venice Essay The Merchant of Venice is one of William Shakespeares best known plays and was written within 1596 98. This was the Tudor period. The play is set in this time, in Venice, Italy. During the Tudor/Elizabethan period society and morals were very different from today with Christianity being the main religion in Venice and many other places. One of the main disgusts of the time was that of Anti-Semitism or basically the dislike and repulse of the Jewish Religion. Of course this isnt new as Jews have been bullied, spat upon and murdered because of their beliefs throughout history. Shakespeares play homes in on the appalling treatment of Jews and this is the main background of the play, we meet a Jew called Shylock. Shylock is a tormented character during the play; however he is also a tormentor himself. Shylock is a usurer which means he lends money to make profit. This is both wrong in the Christian and Jewish religion but because Shylock doesnt lend money to other Jews and only to Christians this is fine. Christians regarded usury as a sin, yet as we can see from the play it did happen. In Act 1 Scene 3 the bond is accepted and Shylock agrees to lend Antonio 3000 ducats for three months under one condition that if the money is not returned to Shylock exactly three months from the bond being sealed then Shylock can have an equal pound from, In what part of your body pleaseth me. In this bond Shylock is not interested in making more money he wants to spite Antonio, hoping he doesnt return so he can really smite Antonio. Now the reader would feel that Antonio is a hypocrite as this is against Christian religion yet he is still asking for money from a Jew and Shylock is seen as a horrible man out to see what he can get, thus cause pain to his main enemy, a Christian. When this play was first performed and it came to the point where the bond was being agreed Shylock says, I hate him for he is a Christian this would have only backed up what a Christian audience in the Elizabethan times thought of Jews as a whole. They would have hated Shylock more for this and felt rage against him and this would have been likely to follow throughout the play and thus when Shylock receives his punishment they would have been happy. However, with a modern day audience people have more education and are not brain washed into thinking one thing and so they will read more into the situation and seen that both the Christians and the Jews are in the wrong. Act 4 Scene 1 is the court scene in which Shylock receives his punishment. When the tables turn, the Duke tells Shylock that he will strip away all of his possessions but spare his life. Since the Duke can legally condemn him to death, sparing his life is the morally correct act. Antonio takes this action one step further when he decides to minimize some of Shylocks punishment. But we may also question whether it is merciful to return to Shylock half of his goods, only to take away his religion and his profession. By forcing Shylock to convert, Antonio makes him unable to practice usury, which was Antonios main reason for berating and spitting on him in public. Throughout the play the main question is whether or not Shakespeare wanted the audience to feel that Shylock deserved his punishment. In the court scene Shylock is seen as a heartless man when he says, I hate him for he is a Christian. This is wrong and hatred against Shylock can be justified as we learn he isnt just a man who is being bullied for no reason. Conversely, we could see this comment in a way that Shylock is giving as good as he gets and so the main people to blame would be both the Christians and the Jews. .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 , .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .postImageUrl , .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 , .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051:hover , .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051:visited , .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051:active { border:0!important; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051:active , .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051 .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u5111afe17559531c3cdb853b5c1cc051:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Romeo's Character Analysis EssayIn the same scene we can feel sympathy for Shylock when the Duke and Antonio are speaking, an inhuman wretch incapable of pity, void and empty from any dram of mercy. This is a little uncalled for and the audience can build up commiseration for Shylock. This play sends the audience into all different emotions and really keeps their minds working on whether or not the punishment is deserved and quickly Shakespeare enters a reason for why we should have anger against Shylock when he cant justify his reason for not accepting more than 3000 ducats to pay off what is owed to him; Shylock wants a pound of Antonios flesh. So I can give no reason, n or I will not Shylock means here he had no reason for not taking money so he wont make one up he is seen to be stubborn, unkind and ghastly. Shylock wont let up on this bond and his true colours really show through, he is brutal and barbaric and only wants blood, it is easy from here to understand why he deserved his punishment. Although we can see from the play as whole, most of the time Shylock is heartless and has no feelings no matter what happens and so his punishment he received must have been right. However, if we really read into the situation and think how Jews have been treat throughout history and how Shylock himself has always been treat and spoke about we understand why he has such a grudge against Christians and why he feels he must really hurt one. So when the audiences do read into the play they can sympathize with Shylock and feel that he didnt deserve his punishment. Overall within the play the Christians and the Jews are both to blame for the awful and foul bullying that go on, on both sides. I think that Shakespeare intended for his audience to feel anger for the both the Christians in the play and Shylock as they are both dreadful. We see a horrific side to Shylock that may shock many people, but he is complex because his character has to be read into to really understand the moral behind the play; and I think that it is a very big one with many teachings. I dont think that Shakespeare sided with anyone during the play he just played on real life and thats what really makes The Merchant of Venice what it is.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Social and Emotional Confinement free essay sample

Hardy’s Jude the Obscure was not intended to offend as many people as it did when it was published, but amid the social criticisms, frank descriptions of sexual desire, and a, extremely tragic and disturbing climax, the general public of 20th Century England was completely shocked. For years, critics and the public denounced Jude, while overlooking perhaps the most important conflict within the book. Thomas Hardy, in the introduction to the first non-serial edition of the novel, explains to readers that while the novel did contain many criticisms of socials structures in England, the main purpose of composing the book was â€Å"to tell, without a mincing of words, of a deathly war waged between flesh and spirit, and to point the tragedy of unfulfilled aims†. (Hardy, 3). As protagonist Jude Fawley works against some of the most sacred social institutions in England, he is forever battling uphill against society and fate itself. Jude, hoping to transcend his low social stature and break free from the contract of his marriage, is not only left with â€Å"unfulfilled aims† but is constantly confined; he cannot break from his marriage or from his embarrassing social stature. This idea of a person being confined or imprisoned by society and life itself contributes to the tragic nature of the novel, as Jude finds himself at the mercy of the world around him. Another example of confinement in Jude the Obscure is the institution of marriage. In the context of the novel’s setting and the period in which it was published, marriage, like Jude’s values and goals, are rooted in tradition while facing new values and ideas, some of which are hard to swallow for society and the citizens of Wessex. Many individuals were starting to question the contractual nature of marriage; â€Å"That marriage had become a problem, that somehow it was in crisis and need of reform was an idea very much in the air. † (Howe, 134). What Hardy believes to be the ideal structure for marriage is almost opposite what the church and law governed marriage to be. In the introduction of the original publication of Jude, Hardy outlines his belief that â€Å"a marriage should be dissolvable as soon as it becomes a cruelty to either of the parties† (Hardy, 5); if marriage were this way, than the entire cast of characters within the novel would have been spared of numerous tragedies, as the binding nature of marriage has been â€Å"used in great part as the tragic machinery of the tale† (Hardy, 5). He and a host of other characters are trapped into a marriage that they are rawn back to, regardless of divorce or feelings for other characters. Throughout the novel, Jude feels trapped by marriage, and â€Å"[inquires] what he had done†¦that he deserved to be caught in a gin which would cripple him†¦for the rest of a lifetime† (Hardy, 63). When he is forced into marrying Arabella in response to her announcement of pregnancy, Jude is forced to give up his dreams of the distant Christminster and his future as a scholar, as he informs her that the marriage is a â€Å"complete smashing of [his] plans† (Hardy, 58). When Arabella reveals that she was not actually pregnant, Jude begins to believe that the marriage was a trick, to which Arabella replies with â€Å"What can ‘em do otherwise? Married is married. † (Hardy, 61) Throughout their time together, Jude concludes that ‘[t]heir lives were ruined†¦by the fundamental error of their matrimonial union: that of having based a permanent contract on a temporary feeling† (Hardy, 71), and this contract continues to â€Å"ruin† Jude’s life even after Arabella departs, as Jude is still technically married to despite her departure from his life. A similar marriage befalls Sue, despite her cynical views towards marriage; she believes that â€Å"the social moulds civilization fits us into have no more relation to our actual shapes than the conventional shapes of the constellations have to the real star-patterns† (Hardy, 212), and thereforeâ€Å"[doesn’t] regard marriage as a Sacrament† (Hardy). Unaware of how binding a marriage was, she eventually promises to marry Jude’s former mentor, Richard Phillotson. She and Jude may see marriage differently, yet they are both trapped in tragic marriages caused by forethought. The once individualistic, â€Å"Ishmaelite† Sue has been transformed into a domestic housewife by marriage, even though Jude still believes that she is â€Å"not Mrs. Phillolson†, but is still â€Å"dear, free Sue Bridehead, only [she] [doesn’t] know it! † (Hardy, 194). When Sue’s feelings of regret for marrying Phillotson are revealed to Jude, it becomes apparent that both their dreams and beliefs have been confined by marriage; Sue’s image as an independent woman and Jude’s dream of higher education and marrying Sue are put on hold indefinitely. This confinement, however, eventually inspired the pair of star-crossed lovers to break free from the confines of their marriage and live together. The confinement of their first marriages, however, is not erased by divorce. Jude and Sue find brief happiness as they return to Christminster, free from the tragedies of married life. The following scene shows the bond Jude and Sue share: Sue, in her new summer clothes, flexible and light as a bird, her little thumb stuck up by the stem of her white cotton sunshade, went along as if she hardly touched ground, and as if a moderately strong puff of wind would float her over the hedge into the next field. Jude, in his light grey holiday-suit, was really proud of her companionship, not more for her external attractiveness than for her sympathetic words and ways. That complete mutual understanding, in which every glance and movement was as effectual as speech for conveying intelligence between them, made them almost the two parts of a single whole. Hardy, 298). The touching moment is distrubted, however, by Arabella’s view and commentary of the event. Michael Millgate notes that â€Å"[t]he momentary upward movement is skillfully held in check by the looming background presence of a scornful yet envious Arabella, appearing here†¦as a figure of ill omen. If the promise of what might yet be is strong, so is the blighting threat of what must be† (Millgate, 328). Hardy designed this scene to show that while Jude and Sue may be legally separated from their first partners, their first marriages will continue to bring tragedy into their lives. For Jude, this is symbolically shown through Little Father Time, a product of Jude and Arabella’s marriage that eventually tears Jude and Sue apart for good. Sue is initially upset when she first see’s the child, as she says to Jude â€Å"I see you in him†¦But the other half of him is-she! And that’s what I can’t bear! † (Hardy, 284). When Father Time hangs himself and Sue’s two children, the symbolism is clear; Jude is still confined to his first marriage because it continues to affect his life, and the event caused by his first marriage confine him once again to Arabella as he and Sue return to their original partners. Jude’s ambitions and desires, although inspiring, were implausible at best, and Jude’s failure to realize his dreams contributes greatly to the tragic nature of the story as the societal standards of the novel serve as a trap stronger than marriage. Within the first few pages of the novel, Jude’s fervor for education has already been expressed by his Aunt, who proclaims that â€Å"[t]he boy is crazy for books,’ (Hardy, 14), and eventually â€Å"[becomes] †¦ romantically attached to Christminster† (Hardy, 24), a city filled with the promise of traditional education. However, Jude’s aspirations to attend one of the colleges based in Christminster leads to tragedy, as Jude comes to realize that his social status will prevent him from attending any major university. After a failed marriage and months of working in Christminster, Jude receives acknowledgement from only one college, and this acknowledgement comes in the form of a polite suggestion that â€Å"as a working-man †¦ [Jude] will have a much better chance of success in life by remaining in [his] own sphere and sticking to [his] trade† (Hardy, 121). This is the second instance of Jude’s plans being thwarted, and yet another instance of Jude being confined to his social status. As Jude leaves Christminster, he pursues a career in divinity â€Å"without taking double-firsts in the schools of Christminster, or having anything but ordinary knowledge† (Hardy, 133), but when Jude fails to realize this goal because â€Å"[w]hat Sue had said in warmth was really the cold truth†¦He was unfit, obviously, by nature, as he had been by social position, to fill the part of a propounder of accredited dogma† (Hardy, 224). Jude’s â€Å"nature†, (sexual desire for Sue) would make it social and morally unacceptable for Jude to work in divinity, just as it was unlikely for someone of Jude’s economic status to be accepted to a college, and it becomes apparent that Jude will always be confined to a life of simple labor and a lowly career. Jude becomes increasingly more aware of this as his aspirations shrink after each attempt at improvement is thwarted by disaster. When looking at the entire timeline of Jude’s life, Bloom makes this statement: If we were to represent graphically this pattern of Jude’s progressively declining aspirations and the repeated checks upon them, they would appear as a line with a succession of peak representing his aspirations followed by a subsequent decline, the peaks and valleys becoming progressively lower and flatter, until reduced to scarcely more than a ripple† (Bloom, 91). Jude’s entire life is, when examined in full, confined to not only to the lower social class, but because of the ever-increasing discrimination against him and his eventual family with Sue, it is also trapped in a series of personal failures. The unusual situation of Sue and Jude’s marriage leads to rumors and judgments from the Christminster community, and they are both quite aware. â€Å"’They are talking about us, no doubt! ’ [moans] Sue. ‘We are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angles, and to men! ’† (Hardy, 346). One of the most dramatic outcomes of the social rejection of Sue and Jude’s lifestyle is their eviction following their landlady’s attempt to â€Å"gather something of the circumstances of the family she had taken in† (Hardy, 339). The landlady’s actions are symbolic of how society as a whole snares Jude’s family into a vicious cycle of poverty. While the social institutions of the 20th century confine Jude to a life of obscurity and poverty, the natural forces ensuring Jude’s â€Å"unfulfilled aims† are just as important; even if they are not elaborated on as much as the aforementioned societal road-blocks of Jude’s life, they serve an equally powerful purpose as they take Jude’s confinement to another level. Little Father Time, already a symbol for Jude’s inability to escape his marriage, also serves as a very naturalist view on confinement – that is, Little Father Time is confined to a life of cynicism and poverty simply because he was born into misfortune. When commenting on Little Father Time’s murder suicide, Jude remarks that â€Å"[i]t was in his nature to do it. The doctor says there are such boys springing up amongst us†¦They seem to see all [life’s] terrors before they are old enough to resist them† (Hardy, 345). An even more obvious example of natural prisons for Jude’s aspirations is death itself ignoring Jude when he becomes fixated on killing himself. While Jude taunts Arabella, promising that â€Å"[she’ll] see [his] spirit flitting up and down [their home]† (Hardy 403), Jude â€Å"recovered somewhat, and worked at his trade for several weeks† (Hardy, 408). Class prejudice, marriage, and now death itself have all confined Jude to the obscure life of a common worker with a tarnished past. The cycle of marriages, divorces and remarriages furthers the tragic elements of the novel as it mirrors Jude’s inability to fulfill his aims. As Jude recites his story to a group of former co-workers, he presents to them the dilemma of choosing â€Å"whether to follow un-critically the track he finds himself in, without considering his aptness for it, or to consider what his aptness or bent may be, and re-shape his course accordingly†, and Jude admits that.